The Geneva Negotiating Text, released in February 2015, is the official negotiating text of the Paris agreement. It consolidates the negotiations from the 2014 Lima Climate Change Conference, and contains the views of all 196 Parties to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change. The agreement is set to be reached at the end of 2015 and will come into effect in 2020.
A further ‘streamlined and consolidated’ text was released after ten days of negotiations in June 2015. It reduced the amount of pages slightly by removing duplications, but did not substantially differ from the previous draft text.
The operative clauses create systems, mechanisms and institutions to encourage and facilitate mitigation (nationally determined commitments and measures to cut greenhouse gas emissions); national adaptation plans (to the consequences of climate change); the provision of support from rich to poor nations (through finance, the transfer of technology and capacity building); transparency (ie a trusting and accountable environment to track and encourage contributions); and compliance (to incentivise parties to stick to their commitments).
Throughout 2015, Deconstructing Paris has provided a section-by-section breakdowns of the draft negotiating text(s), in order to show the specifics of what is on the table for Paris. Click the following links for our analysis.
[A] Preamble | en français
[B] Definitions | en français
[C] General / Objective | en français
[D] Mitigation | en français
[E] Adaptation and loss and damage
[G] Technology Development and Transfer
[J] Time frames
[K] Facilitating implementation and compliance
For discussion about the potential format of the Paris Agreement, click here.
For background information and context behind COP 21, click here.
A further streamlined – but unofficial – draft agreement was released on October 5 2015. See how it compares to this draft.